The principle of Judicial Review consists of the power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action.
Example: This cartoon illustrates a similar situation to Judicial Review and how it gives the power to demand a change.
- Article 6. The state of California along with several other states are trying to make medicinal marijuana legal. They are opening up clinics with doctors so this can be done. Since the federal government doesn't want this legal they raid the offices and close them down.
- The US Supreme Court case most often credited with affirming the doctrine of judicial review is Marbury v Madison, (1803) in which Chief Justice John Marshall declared Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional. This was the first time the Supreme Court overturned federal legislation. It greatly strengthened the power of the judicial branch, which had thus far been weaker than the other two.
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